In the 1970s, the marshes, formally known as the Ahwar of Southern Iraq, covered some 3,500 sq miles (9,000 sq km), but were reduced by Saddam to barely 290 sq miles. Straddling Iraq’s famous Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the Mesopotamian marshes are a rare aquatic ecosystem in a country nearly half of which is covered in cracked desert. The Mesopotamian Marshes or Iraqi Marshes that were once drained by Saddam Hussein’s regime were finally recognized by the UNESCO as a world heritage site. Garden of Eden Posted on August 9, 2019 August 9, 2019 by Karen Brock The Mesopotamian Marshes in southern Iraq were once the third largest wetlands in the world, home to thousands of species of plants and animals—also considered a possible site of the historic Garden of Eden. "The near-total destruction of the Iraqi marshlands under the regime of Saddam Hussein was a major ecological and human disaster, robbing the Marsh Arabs of a centuries-old culture and way of life as well as food in the form of fish and that most crucial of natural resources - drinking water," said Klaus Toepfer, executive director of UNEP, in a statement at the time. Christian archaeologists on the hunt for the biblical Garden of Eden think that they have identified where it once stood. Azzam Alwash, the man credited with restoring the Iraqi marshlands believed to be the biblical garden of Eden, is ready to say something controversial: He welcomed the war. International researchers like Dr John Morris from the Institute for Creation Research believed that the huge marshes fed by the Tigris and Euphrates could be clue that they were once the Garden of Eden but Morris further added that there is unlikely any lasting evidence to suggest that the home of Adam and Eve lies beneath the surface as they would have been destroyed in another Biblical … There are vast estimates of how many have migrated abroad, and how many returned. Dubbed by some as the “Biblical Garden of Eden”, these marshlands have a colourful yet beautiful history that dates back a thousand years. Saddam Hussein's era had almost totally drained out the area, so it has been converted to a UNESCO world heritage site, explained Iraqi authorities Sunday. The Chebayesh marsh in NassiriyaSaad Shalash / Reuters Iraq’s marshlands, which lie in the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, are believed to be theinspiration for the Bible’s Garden of Eden. Inscribed by the UNESCO on 17/07/2016 The wetlands once spread 3… But heavier rains this year have filled more than 80 per cent of the marshes’ surface area, according to the United Nations, compared to just 27 per cent last year. Foreign environmental agencies supported the local efforts. IRAQ – A vast complex of wetlands and marshes in the Middle East, believed by some to be the original Garden of Eden in Genesis, has been designated a … The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers cross on the eastern edge of the marshes at the Shatt al-Arab, and this intersection is thought to be a possible site of the historic Garden of Eden. Earlier assessments suggested that p Many consider Iraq's Mesopotamian marshes —often referred to as the “Garden of Eden”—to have been the cradle of Western civilization (Thesiger 1964, Nicholson and Clark 2002). This is the sacred area of Mesopotamia that is made fertile by Tigris and Euphrates. A marsh Arab man paddles a boat loaded with reeds he gathered at the Chebayesh marsh in Nassiriya, 300 km (185 miles) southeast of Baghdad. [1] Legend has it, they were home to the biblical Garden of Eden. For over five thousand years, this ecosystem supported the Ma’dan, a unique civilization of Marsh Arabs, protected and isolated from outside powers by the thick and impenetrable vegetation of the marshland. The Marsh Arabs, also referred to as the Maʻdān or shroog —the latter two often considered derogatory in the present day—are inhabitants of the Tigris-Euphrates marshlands in the south of Iraq as well as in the Hawizeh Marshes straddling the Iraq and Iran border. Ahwar also know as marshlands are said to be Biblical in nature as some of these places are inspirations of Garden of Eden. The wetlands once spread 3,500 square miles, but Saddam Hussein drained most of the water in the 1990s in order to choke out a rebel group. Iraq’s Marsh Arabs in the Garden of Eden. The Hammar Marshes (Arabic: هور الحمار ) are a large wetland complex in southeastern Iraq that are part of the Mesopotamian Marshes in the Tigris–Euphrates river system. Fed by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the marshlands of Mesopotamia are spawning grounds for Gulf fisheries and home to bird species such as the sacred ibis. But heavier rains this year have filled more than 80 percent of the marshes’ surface area, according to the United Nations, compared to just 27 percent last year. Southern Iraq Saddam Hussein's era had almost totally drained out the area, so it has been converted to a UNESCO world heritage site, explained Iraqi authorities Sunday. A severe drought is threatening Iraq's southern marshes — the traditional site of the biblical Garden of Eden. However, they have not reached the south. 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