Massive caves in southern Brazil are actually ancient ground sloth burrows Usually, tunnels are made either by human engineers or flowing water. id: "5e7fafd5-279e-4d61-afd3-583d730998b8", Our ancestors used misdirection to gain the upper hand in close-quarter combat with this deadly creature. Your email address will not be published. Ancient, giant sloths are the prime suspect behind the creation of these paleoburrows. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. Archaeologists in Mexico Discover Treasure of Mayan Civilization and Giant Sloth Fossils in a Vast Underwater Cave In the world’s biggest underwater cave system, archaeologists have found many ancient Mayan artefacts and fossils of long-extinct creatures, including giant sloths, but warn that the mysteries of the ancient history of the caves may be tarnished by nearby pollution. Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. The bone is from a Harlan's ground sloth, a mammal that roamed the Los Angeles basin 11,000 years ago. When the tunnels were first found in 2000, Brazilian scientist Heinrich Frank counted his discovery of staggering 1,500 tunnels already. Researchers have found many massive, well-built burrows in South America that would be forgiven for thinking humans dug them as a passageway through the … + qs.join('&'); { But then there's the massive claw marks that line the walls and ceilings - it's now thought that an extinct species of giant ground sloth is behind at least some of these so-called palaeoburrows. The grooves along the ceiling may, in fact, be marks the animals have left whenever they pause or stop working. 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Another thing to wonder is the strange geographic distribution of paleoburrows, all majorly in South American region. He and his colleagues believe that there could be several genera such as Catonyx, Glossotherium and the massive, several-ton Lestodon, that once lived in South America and whose fossil remains suggest adaptation for serious digging, while the others believe that there could be extinct armadillos as well, … These mammoth tunnels are perhaps the craft of giant ground sloths humongous “paleoburrows” that no longer walk the Earth. Rearing on its hind legs, the giant ground sloth would have been a formidable prey for anyone, let alone humans without modern weapons. June 2, 2017 / 3:13 PM / AP LOS ANGELES -- Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. According to Frank, the mega tunnels measuring upto 5 feet in diameter, were dug by ground sloths. Hundreds of tunnels which date back at least 10,000 Years have been Discovered in Brazil. cb: (new Date()).getTime() Large mammals flourished in the LA area thousands of years ago. Your email address will not be published. The giant armadillo largest living member of the family, weighs between 65 and 90 pounds and its burrows are about 16 inches in diameter and up to about 20 feet long, which made Frank wonder what could be behind the biggest tunnel. Another possibility was it could be found in North America, but no one paid attention. Spread the love. Jun 2, 2017 - LOS ANGELES (AP) — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. Researchers have known about these tunnels since at least the 1930s, but back then, they were considered to be some kind of archaeological structure ― remains of caves carved out by our ancient ancestors, perhaps. All Rights Reserved. By P. NATASHA / 9th November 2020 . Image credits Amilcar Adamy. A lot of questions are attracting the scientists such as who could have created the tunnels, why and when. s.src = p + "://api.content-ad.net/Scripts/widget2.aspx?" Copyright © 2020 CBS Interactive Inc. All rights reserved. First published on June 2, 2017 / 3:13 PM. for(var key in params) qs.push(key+'='+encodeURIComponent(params[key])); Tunnels excavated by giant sloths in ancient South America still exist today. })(document); Outside the entrance to a paleoburrow. Until early 2000s, no burrows were attributed to the extinct megafauna. We’ve known about the existence of these structures since the 1930s at least, but in … Monday 20, July 2020 Deep inside Brazil, there are tunnels large enough for a person to walk through. LA Tunnel Diggers Find Ancient Giant Sloth Bone Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. An estimated 4,000 metric tons of dirt and rock were dug out of the hillside to create the burrow. The sloths grew up to 10 feet in length and weighed up to 1,500 pounds. They are neatly symmetrical—too neat to have been caused by any … Adamy also claimed that it could not have been made naturally and that there were more such tunnels. But near the town of Novo Hamburgo, Brazil, there are tunnels large enough to drive a car in that were dug by neither - instead, these are the work of ancient, giant sloths. Amilcar Adamy, a geologist with the Brazilian Geological Survey, in 2010, was the first to investigate rumors of an impressive cave in southern Brazil. In Rio Grande do Sul, Frank found burrows measuring some hundreds of feet, and more than 1,000 total feet of tunnel have been measured in another burrow in the Gandarela Mountains, though Frank’s reports of one burrow more than 3,000 feet long in Santa Catarina are yet to be investigated. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ρίον], "beast") is an extinct genus of ground sloths endemic to South America that lived from the Early Pliocene through the end of the Pleistocene. LOS ANGELES -- Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. LA tunnel diggers find bone of ancient giant sloth. Required fields are marked *, Receive news updates via email from this site. 'https' : 'http'; A bone from an extinct bison also was found. Frank returned to this site and crawled inside, and saw a single shaft, about 15 feet long; at its end, while on his back, he found what looked like claw marks all over the ceiling, but because he was not able to identify any geological reason, he concluded that it was dug by an extent sloth species. Researchers have found several colossal burrows in South America that are so huge and neatly constructed, you’d be forgiven for thinking humans dug them as a passageway through the forest. Complex underground tunnels were discovered in Brazil, the question is who dug them? Ground sloths, on the other hand, were suitably monumental. (AP) — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. Thu, Jun 1, 2017 0 Comments. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority says a fossilized hip joint was discovered on May 16 in a layer of sandy clay 16 feet below a major thoroughfare where the new rail line is being built. It’s nearly twice as large as the second-largest known burrow, located elsewhere in Brazil (, In South America, giant sloths—some the size of elephants—roamed the surface, and were, perhaps, expert tunnel diggers. Hundreds of tunnels which date back at least 10,000 Years have been Discovered in Brazil. The massive burrows are estimated to … (Courtesy: Heinrich Frank) (, Inside the first paleoburrow discovered in the Amazon. Enlarge. Their remains were found in the tunnels, but scientists did not think it could be done by Armadillo. Though he couldn’t study the cave in detail in the first encounter, one thing was known that the mega tunnels were not something that happened naturally, and he resolved to return. wid: "298067", Giant ground sloths like Eremotherium were built for burrowing. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority says a fossilized hip joint was discovered on May 16 in a layer of sandy clay 16 feet below a major thoroughfare where the new rail line is being built. Excavations for train projects have turned up bison and camel bones as well as mastodon teeth and tusk fragments. But even the giant armadillos don't measure up to the biggest of the tunnels. Giant armadillos, though shorter than sloths, may also have the skills necessary to dig these tunnels as well.

var qs=[]; (Credit: Wikimedia Commons) (. They are neatly symmetrical—too neat to have been caused by any known geologic process. The beautiful armadillo, Dasypus bellus, an extinct creature about twice the size of today’s nine-banded armadillo, was widespread in Pleistocene North America. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth.The Metropolitan Transportation Authority says a … LA tunnel diggers find bone of ancient giant sloth. Archaeologists in Mexico Discover Treasure of Mayan Civilization and Giant Sloth Fossils in a Vast Underwater Cave . Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. The largest Tunnels Dug by Massive Sloths measured 2,000 feet long, 6 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide. But, Frank and his students surveyed a 45-mile stretch of highway construction near the city of Porto Alegre, and identified paleoburrows in more than 70 percent of road cuts. LOS ANGELES — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. };

© 2017 The Associated Press. Tightly muscled, angry and swinging its fore legs tipped with wolverine-like claws, it would have been able to defend itself effectively. Deep inside Brazil, there are tunnels large enough for a person to walk through. LOS ANGELES — Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. Turns out, they’re far more ancient than they look, estimated to be at least 8,000 to 10,000 years old, and no known geologic process can explain them. d.getElementById("contentad298067").appendChild(s); Download the Beyond Science Magazine Here! (Courtesy: Heinrich Frank) (, A closer look at those claw marks. d: "bG9vazR3YXJkLmNvLnVr", He and his colleagues believe that there could be several genera such as Catonyx, Glossotherium and the massive, several-ton Lestodon, that once lived in South America and whose fossil remains suggest adaptation for serious digging, while the others believe that there could be extinct armadillos as well, behind this, but apparently Frank and his colleagues are still trying to explain it. The ancient remains were found in Tanque Loma paleontological site, also known as Arroyo Seco, on the northern side of the Santa Elena Peninsula (SEP) in southwest Ecuador. Some are simple shafts while others are complicated works of underground engineering, with branching passages that twist and turn to form networks—the longest stretching 130 feet from end to end. Before Adamy, another Brazilian geologist Heinrich Frank, a professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, was zipping down the highway on a Friday afternoon, who happened upon a different, equally peculiar cave which was a mega tunnel. Amilcar Adamy of the CPRM, returned to the strange cave in Rondonia, in 2015, turned out to be the first paleoburrow discovered in the Amazon, and turned out to be one of the largest ever measured, with branching tunnels altogether tallying about 2,000 feet in length. Crews digging a tunnel for a new Los Angeles train line have found the remains of an ancient giant sloth. He has documented some 1,500 paleoburrows so far in Rio Grande do Sul, his home state and also hundreds more in Santa Catarina. Image: S. Rae/Flickr. He at the time, was working on a general survey of the Amazonian state of Rondonia and after asking around, he eventually found a gaping hole on a wooded slope, which was a few miles north of the Bolivian border. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority says a fossilized hip joint was discovered on May 16 in a layer of sandy clay 16 feet below a major thoroughfare where the new rail line is being built. The extinct giant sloth … (function(d) { 20,000 years ago this region was a dense marshland and the team of researchers found that the 22 giant sloths had died after “consuming their own feces”, before being preserved in the death pit by encroaching asphalt seeping … Dating the sediments found in the burrow would give a few details but not definitely identify when the burrow was dug. Finding a suitable passage, he entered through an elliptical shaft roughly four-feet wide, 65-feet long and lined with claw marks, which he calculated to be 250 feet long, and he claimed that there is no geological process that can produce such mega tunnels. U.K. issues warning after 2 allergic reactions to Pfizer vaccine, Watch Live: Pentagon officials give update on vaccine distribution, Watch Live: Biden introduces his pick to lead Defense Department, House to vote on stopgap bill to fund government through next week, F-16 crashes in Michigan; pilot's status "unknown", Watch Live: NYC mayor holds press conference on COVID-19, DoorDash IPO delivers billions despite company's lack of profits, Venice floods as new $8 billion dam system fails to activate, Mnuchin makes $916 billion offer to Pelosi for COVID relief bill, Biden to nominate Marcia Fudge to lead HUD, Biden vows to distribute 100 million vaccine doses within first 100 days, Republicans refuse to acknowledge preparations for Biden's inauguration, Biden taps Lloyd Austin as defense secretary, Latinos to run 2 U.S. agencies that play key role in Hispanics' lives, Biden-Harris tap Clyburn to lead inaugural committee, Biden nominates Xavier Becerra as health secretary, Biden likely to see Cabinet confirmed swiftly, California Privacy/Information We Collect. var params = A bone from an extinct bison also was found. Apparently, Frank and his colleagues are studying the patterns in all these to understand what kind of animals could have been digging it. And … The sloths grew up to 10 feet in length and weighed up to 1,500 pounds. They weighed more than an adult elephant. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority says a fossilized hip joint was discovered on May 16 in a layer of sandy clay 16 feet below a major thoroughfare where the new rail line is … These giant sloths went extinct between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago.

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