The route that leads from La Spezia to Portovenere, also known as the Via Napoleonica (Napoleonic Way), was conceived by the Emperor mainly for strategic purposes and defense, recognizing the importance of La Spezia, which was elevated to the rank of district and naval port. The city lies on the eastern side of Liguria, in a natural sheltered position, also known as the "Golfo dei Poeti (Gulf of Poets)." After the fall of Napoleon, with the restoration, Liguria was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia, which decided to build the Arsenal in La Spezia, thereby bringing about profound and radical changes in the urban structure and economy of the city.
The road leading to Portovenere goes along the seashore, along the Gulf, passing picturesque villages, real picture postcards, rich in history, sea salt and relationships among different people. The beauty of the surrounding territory is unique, and is to be included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Portovenere, which takes its name from a temple erected in honor of Venus Ericina, in Roman times, has the characteristics of a fortified village, with houses like towers, colorful pink and yellow, with the roof tiles held in place by stones, the church located on a rocky spur, the narrow streets and the small squares. Portovenere is located in front of the archipelago of the three islands of Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, part of the "Regional Natural Park of Porto Venere."