The faubourgs on the southern or left bank of the Seine sat on higher ground that was less prone to flooding. The National Guard was a citizen's militia created to protect Parisians. PLAY. Paris Versailles FRANCE The King Concedes Louis XVI prepared to use force against the Third Estate. On July 11th the king, acting on the advice of conservatives in his court and probably also his wife, dismissed Jacques Necker from the ministry. The links between the french revolution of 1789 and the Paris Commune. Its first act was to abolish monarchy and… This French Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in France between 1781 and 1795. It was replaced by the Paris Commune… The crowd carried wax busts of Necker and the similarly popular Duke of Orleans, stolen from a local museum along the way. URL: https://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/paris-insurrection/ On the evening of July 12th, the electors of Paris met to discuss the situation in the city. Title: “The Paris insurrection” He wrote to his wife and described the conspiracy theories that abounded in Paris: “On my arrival in Paris, there was talk everywhere of a conspiracy led by the Count d’Artois [the king’s brother] and other aristocrats… A large number of the population of Paris would be killed, except those who submitted to the aristocrats and accepted the fate of slavery by offering their hands to the iron chains of the tyrants… If the Parisians had not discovered this plot in time, a terrible crime would have been committed. While the Paris Commune is a narrow period of French history, it is significant in its record of the contemporary responses to women’s involvement in rebellion and political affairs. The ideas and the example of the Commune of 1871, were to have a decisive influence on both Marx and Lenin and contin… It stands alongside the 1789 Revolution, the ascent of Vichy, in 1940, and (odd though it … It also reached a consensus on certain policies that tended towards a progressive, secular, and highly democratic social democracy. For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. A historian’s view: Instead, it was possible to form a response to this perfidious plan, which is unparalleled in all of history.”. On July 13, 1789, Parisian voters from the third estate organized a permanent committee at the Hôtel de Ville to serve as the municipal governing body. Paris Commune of 1789–94 the body of urban self-government in Paris during the French Revolution. This insurrection had four causes: the desperate food situation in Paris, the political developments at the Estates-General, the mobilisation of royal troops and the king’s dismissal of Jacques Necker from the ministry. The sacking of Necker – who Parisians considered the most competent and reform-minded member of the royal cabinet – caused outrage in the capital. Only the wealthy could, however, join the National Guard. Like most urban rivers of its era, the Seine was heavily polluted and ran thick with industrial waste, human sewage and animal effluent. Amid this hunger and economic misery, Parisians keenly watched the unfolding changes at Versailles. The Commune resulted from an uprising in Paris after France was defeated in the Franco-Prussian War, caused by the disaster in the war and growing discontent among the workers. Richard D. Burton. As the mob entered the Place de Louis XV and the Tuileries garden they began to skirmish with cavalrymen commanded by Charles, Prince of Lambesc. The first mayor was Jean Sylvain Bailly; he was succeeded on November 1791 by Pétion … https://www.thoughtco.com/french-revolution-timeline-the-terror-1221890 Founded in Paris after the fall of the Bastille in July 1789, the National Guard passed from the historical stage in the wake of the destruction of the Paris Commune in May 1871. The economic crisis of 1788 / 1789 took its toll when, after rumors circulated that Réveillon was going to lower wages, Réveillon's workers looted and burned down his factory and his home (April 28). The Paris Commune (1789-1795) was the government of the city of Paris, France, after the French Revolution.With 144 delegates from 48 divisions of the city, it was centered in the Hotel de Ville in the Halles region of Paris. Harvests in 1788 had been very poor so Parisians had endured food shortages and high prices in the first months of 1789. It was replaced by the Paris Commune, an elected body, on July 25. Created by. As a result of the counterrevolutionary Thermidor coup (July 9–10, 1794), the Paris Commune was abolished and replaced by 12 independent municipal councils, and most of its members were executed. On this date in 1792, the Paris Commune, which had served as the city’s government since the storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789, was renamed the Revolutionary Commune of Paris by its large Jacobin faction and at midnight began to fire upon the Tuileries Palace of Louis XVI, who was arrested the following day and beheaded the following January. The Paris Commune was, like so much of the revolutionary history of 19th century, important not so much for what it achieved as for what it forecast. Just as London grew astride the River Thames, Paris was divided and defined by the Seine. It is impossible to understand the Paris insurrection without first understanding late 18th century Paris, the people who lived there and the issues that concerned them. Lower class Parisians spent all of their meagre incomes paying for rent and food staples like bread, meat, oil and wine. By the evening of July 13th Paris was in a state of full insurrection. 5. The Parisians, reeling from defeat in the Franco-Prussian War set up their own revolutionary administration. enlightenment and revolution Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. It played a major role in overthrowing the monarchy and in organizing the defense of Paris and of France against the attack by foreign interventionists. Originated in the turmoil of 1789 and culminated in the capital “ ”! In local government ; their only responsibility was to be no similar Revolution 1789. Over the city colour and diversity noon and began marching west, in the.. 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