The emotional pain Othello demonstrates after discovering that he has been lied to shows how much he values his reputation or “honor”. However, Othello, more concerned with his own reputation, allows Iagos lies to control him until finally he decides that the only way to redeem his reputation is to kill Desdemona: “By heaven, I saw my handkerchief ins hand! Othello’s obsession with his masculine honour leads him to destruction. 2. Perhaps this rebuke has effect, given that Othello enters Desdemona’s bedroom with a greater degree of courtesy and ostensibly motivated by the code of honour which upholds his fellow soldiers (and all men) at the ‘sacrifice’ of his own desires: ‘she must die, else she’ll betray more men.’ He then pursues the violent smothering of his wife so as to be ‘merciful’: ‘I would not have thee linger in thy pain.’ Later he explains to Emilia that he would not have proceeded but for his certain evidence: O! He proves that his reputations means a lot to him when he says, "For nought I did in hate, but all in honour." The main male characters in Shakespeare’s play Othello kill their wives in order to defend their own honor. Othello and Desdemona in Venice by Théodore Chassériau (1819–1856)In the play's first act, Desdemona has eloped with Othello, a Moor in the service of the Venetian Republic. He believes that his high battle achievements have compensated for this status. “O beware my lord, of jealousy! Yet simultaneously he looses Desdemona, who he claims to be beloved by him. Othello believed that reputation was everything, because of his status as a general and the fact that those under him and above him respected him. Othello does not think that he is an outsider. When Lodovico tells Othello that he was once good, Othello replies with an important line which is “an honorable murderer, if you will; for nought I did in hate, but all in honor”. He treated his subjects harshly and unkindly. Soldiers are taught to obey in all things and to uphold the reputation of their force: Army officers should always act with honour, which Othello has maintained during his rise through the Venetian armed forces. I have lost my reputation. Othello is expected to liaise with Montano, the governor of Cyprus, and ensure his troops behave as good ambassadors of Venice. I were damn’d beneath all depth in hell. 291). He says “the justice of it pleases me”, chillingly suggesting that strangling her is the moral and honourable thing to do. Othello’s honor is shown by his trust in the people he knows and loves. 62). Analysis of Othello: Man’s Honor. Army officers should always act with honour, which Othello has maintained during his rise through the Venetian armed forces. Show More. Othello does not dismantle this idea, establishing that what he has done is honorable: ‘for naught I did in hate, but all in honor.’ Yet whose honor did Othello kill Desdemona in? The quote reveals that Desdemona is very aware of, and eager to honor, social expectations of showing loyalty to her husband. So that, dear lords, if I be left behind, A moth of peace, and he go to the war, The rites for which I love him are bereft me, And I a heavy interim shall a ‘murderous coxcomb’ (too vain and aggressive), Othello is respected as ‘valiant’ and Montano, who has ‘serv’d him’ admires him as a man who, ‘commands / Like a full soldier’. He should have realized that Iago has every motive to lie to him. Along with that, judgments made about certain characters, by other characters, are almost always based on honor. Othello decides that the only way to redeem his honor is to kill himself. Although Cassio says this in order to get his job back, he's sincere; he does truly honor Othello and never doubts that Othello was justified in firing him. Do not doubt, Cassio, But I will have my lord and you again Iago was the bad guy and Othello was the good guy. It seems as if Othello sacrificed Desdemona to the masculine principal. Is this the noble Moor whom our full senate. 246). Later, Iago drives Othello to question his own manhood—indeed, his very humanity—by making him doubt whether he has power over his wife. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Desdemona responds ‘I myself’ (V.ii.113). Explore the different themes within William Shakespeare's tragic play, Othello.Themes are central to understanding Othello as a play and identifying Shakespeare's social and political commentary. That the complete reverse is true demonstrates how effectively he dissimulates throughout the drama. When Cassio is asking Desdemona to intervene on his behalf with Othello, Cassio describes Othello as a man "Whom I with all the office [duty] of my heart / Entirely honour" (3.4.113-114). He is to save Desdemona from herself, not in hate but in honour; in It is a greeneyed monster, which doth mock the meat it feeds on. 8) ACT V Othello reveals the importance of his honor and reputation when he says "Out , strumpet! If Othello really believed that Desdemona was an honest person, he would have disregarded Iagos comments. Furthering to idea that Honor and reputation are very precious things Cassio sucks up to Othello by saying "I with all … Perhaps he realises that, ironically, he has actually brought dishonour upon himself and the whole state of Venice. Othello’s reputation also plays a big role throughout the play. Honour that is seen in "Othello" is seen as a loose definition of honour. When Cassio is asking Desdemona to intervene on his behalf with Othello, Cassio describes Othello as a man "Whom I with all the office [duty] of my heart / Entirely honour" (3.4.113-114). Othello’s brutal sense of honour is also demonstrated in a scene crucial to the tragedy when Othello decides to murder Desdemona. ” (5. This means leaving his wedding bed to deal with a drunken brawl and punishing Cassio severely for injuring the governor. Othello. Perdition catch my soul but I do love thee; and when I love thee not, chaos is come again.' In nearly every case, the prejudiced characters use terms that describe Othello as an animal or beast. What he is arguing for here is that it doesn’t matter whether a person’s. Emilia sums up Othello’s faults as being: These are not the attributes of an honourable soldier. The military also provides Othello with a means to gain acceptance in Venetian society. These are reputations that are a true reflection of the character of their possessors. Cassio’s obsession with his reputation leads him to act dishonourably when he asks Desdemona to plead his cause. Othello ingenuous nature allows him to be lured in by Iagos lies. In turn Iago sacrifices his wife, Emilia. The play Othello exemplifies the themes of jealousy and chicanery. Get an answer for 'How does the concept of honor manifest itself in "Othello"? Othello believed that reputation was everything, because of his status as a general and the fact that those under him and above him respected him. In despair over his suspicions about his wife's faithfulness, Othello laments of himself: "A horned man's a monster and a beast" (4.2.62). After killing Desdemona though, Othello finds out that Iago has been lying to him the entire time. nought I did in hate, but all in honour." In Othello, love is a force that overcomes large obstacles and is tripped up by small ones. Therefore, he values social reputation greatly and confuses it with honour. I'm doing a essay on Othello so I need help with it.' His pride cannot allow the slight of his wife crying over the death of the man he thinks she is cheating on him with, so It is a driving force, of sorts, for much of what the characters do. After hearing this becomes very sullen and talks about how he “threw a pearl away richer than all his tribe” (5. But Othello insists, so Iago confesses a tendency to be suspicious and jealous. Lodovico. Weep'st thou for him to my face?" Yet Othello’s tears speak of a deep shame and personal distress. Copyright © crossref-it.info 2020 - All rights reserved. He tries to correct the situation with Othello through Desdemona, but it only makes things worse once Iago steps in. The allegations of Desdemona's affair hurt his pride even more than they inflame his vanity and jealousy; he wants to appear powerful, accomplished, and moral at every possible instance, and when this is almost denied to him, his wounded pride becomes especially powerful. That cuckold lives in bliss who, certain of his fate loves not his wronger;… yet fondly loves” (3. Her murder may be seen as an "honour killing" by her Moorish: thus Muslim husband. Reputation in an ongoing issue through the play, not surprising given its macho setting and cast: Cassio is distraught when he realises that his drunken behaviour has let down his commanding officer as well as his own honour: O! Othello demonstrates how much values his own reputation by declaring himself a traitor and then killing himself. Enkidu was then created and he had scaring features that destroyed his reputation and he was referred to as ‘wild man’, this made Gilgamesh to tame him and even put off his marriage with the goddess of love. In Othello, puns are used to draw attention to important things, to make an argument, and to highlight problems. 343). Yet Iago is jealous of his own good reputation, because he knows it enables him to continue being treacherous and faithless in all his relationships and still achieve his villainous ends. / Be sure of it; give me ocular proof;/ or, by the worth of mine eternal soul,/ thou hadst been better been born a dog/ than answer my waked wrath! Othello protesting his undying love for Desdemona foreshadows chaos to come when he Gilgam… In response, Othello maintains his claim: He seeks to maintain the soldierly code of honour by committing suicide: Be not afraid, though you do see me weapon’d; and asks his colleagues to recall that he has ‘done the state some service’. 356) The only evidence that Desdemona could be having an affair is a missing handkerchief. While the Venetians in the play are generally fearful of the prospect of Othello’s social entrance into white society through his marriage to Desdemona, all Venetians respect and honor him as a soldier. ” (3. If Othello had been of Venetian descent and not of a different race to his peers it may well be argued that his honour amongst the other characters would have remained. 2. This loyalty will later endanger Desdemona because she refuses to defend herself or challenge Othello’s authority over her. Othello decides that the only way to redeem his honor is to kill himself. So when Lodovico arrives in Cyprus with orders for Othello to return to Venice, he is shocked and horrified to see Othello strike Desdemona, remonstrating: 2. Eileen Atkins speaks Emilia’s lines from Othello, act IV scene 3. it is conveyed through RESPECT, LOVE, AND TRUST “Othello believes Iago because of his own trust in him, his belief that “men are what they seem to be” thus, he believes Iago isn’t lying.” Othello's honour towards Iago When he is exposed as Desdemona’s murderer, Othello’s moral descent is noted by Lodovico: Fall’n in the practice of a cursed slave. This made people to ask the god of Uruk to create an opposing ruler who has equal strengths to Gilgamesh so that they might even be left to rest in peace. Although Cassio says this in order to get his job back, he's sincere; he does truly honor Othello and never doubts that Othello was justified in firing him. Later, Othello is adamant the murder of Desdemona amounts to an honour killing: "An honourable murderer, if you will; For nought I did in hate, but all in honour." 165). Cassio’s changing reputation has a big part in the outcome of the play as well. If Othello had respected Desdemona for her honesty he would have disregarded Iago and never have murdered Desdemona. The relationship between Desdemona and Othello is central to Shakespeare's "Othello." In Othello, the major themes reflect the values and the motivations of characters.. Love. Othello kills Desdemona because he is concerned about the affect that Desdemonass unfaithfulness will have on his reputation. You have lost no reputation at all unless you repute yourself such a loser. The ultimate deed of sacrificing one’s life to show their love and honour is truly the greatest form of respect he could have shown to Desdemona and the most un-cowardly, and selfless thing he could have done for his men, as he admitted his faults and paid with the most The deed he is bound to do is not murder, but a sacrifice. Honour wins and Desdemona dies; Othello thinks honour is saved, and when he realises she was in fact blameless, he exclaims ‘why should honour outlive honesty?’ and commits suicide. We recognize in Othello the wild nature of that glowing zone which generates the most ravenous beasts of prey and the most deadly poisons, tamed only in appearance by the desire of fame, by foreign laws of honour, and by nobler and milder manners. Though I should swear I saw’t. In the very first scene, Roderigo and Iago disparage Othello in explicitly racial terms, calling him, among other things, "Barbary horse" and "thick lips." “And say besides in Allepo once,/ where a malignant and turbaned Turk/ beat a Venetian and traduced the state,/ I took by th throat the circumcised dog/ and smote him thus. I saw Othello's visage in his mind, And to his honour and his valiant parts Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate. Why, any thing: An honourable murderer, if you will; For nought I did in hate, but all in honour. / I saw the handkerchief” (5. 3. Othello’s final speech puts us in mind of his long speech in Act I, scene iii, so that we see him, even if only for a moment, as we saw him then. Othello says to Cassio, “I’ll make thee an example.” He clearly show his loss of trust in Cassio and Cassio knows this. Cassio's Reputation in Othello The play's most obvious engagement with reputation occurs in Act 2, Scene 3, when Iago gets Cassio so drunk that … This praise might be anticipated from an extravagant courtier like Cassio, but even according to Emilia, who has observed her intimately, Desdemona is ‘heavenly true’, ‘the sweetest innocent’ and ‘chaste’, absolutely undeserving of her punishment. Related. In fact, according to Cassio, her personal qualities exceed what is said of her, as: Othello is unfairly defined in Brabantio’s eyes by the negative reputation of ‘Moors’ for lasciviousness and witchcraft (Act 1 Scenes 2 & 3), Cassio’s one episode of drunkenness is manipulated by Iago to tar his whole conduct so that Montano believes it is ‘an ingraft infirmity’ (Act 2 Scene 3). In the period setting of the play, to show honor, women are expected to be subservient to their husbands. their desires. Othello’s command of respect from figures of authority, he is explicitly deemed ‘valiant Othello’ by the Duke of Venice, is even more significant in the play’s context. So when Lodovico arrives in Cyprus with orders for Othello to return to Venice, he is shocked and horrified to see Othello strike Desdemona, remonstrating: My lord, this would not be believed in Venice. / O perjured woman! This wretch hath part confess'd his villany: Did you and he consent in Cassio's death? 3. "The Othello who enters the bed-chamber with the words, 'It is the cause, it is the cause, my soul', is not the man of the Fourth Act. Emilia, Iago’s wife, counsels Desdemona on marriage and fidelity. Iago uses his reputation as an honest man to deceive Othello and everyone else. 2. Instead Othello believes Iago because he is afraid of anything that could possibly tarnish his reputation. I have lost the immortal part of myself. Based on her ‘judgment in an honest face’, Desdemona sees Cassio for what he is: It is important for the tragedy that Desdemona’s reputation is utterly unstained. thou dost stone my heart,/ and makst me call what I intend to do/ a murder, which I thought a sacrifice. Othello criticism became increasingly politically charged as scholars debated the play's relation to modern conceptions of race and racism. Othello’s vehement desire to be punished, rather than run away from the consequences of his actions as Iago does, acts in his favour. The most prominent form of prejudice on display in Othello is racial prejudice. Villain, be sure thou prove my love a whore! ’Tis very much. Iago is noted for his abhorrence of ‘filthy deeds’, his honesty and trustworthiness. She loved thee, cruel Moor, so come my soul to bliss as I speak true” (5. Iago decides that he will get revenge on Othello by using his wife, Desdemona. your honour” iniquity meaning sinHyperbolic Here Iago completely deceives Othello and portrays himself as the opposite to his reality. 8). When Iago tells Othello that he believes Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair, Othello does not believe Iago initially. Jealousy In Othello Analysis 757 Words | 4 Pages. The female characters are all powerless in the face of Iago feels that he is more deserving of the promotion than Cassio and decides that he will stop at nothing to get back at both Othello and Cassio. Theme Of Honour In Othello 1062 Words | 5 Pages An Exploration of Honour in Othello In Othello, the titular character is a visible minority who holds a high position in the army but falls victim to manipulation by his seemingly trustworthy ensign and friend. Othello clearly believes that he is only motivated by honour – but the audience has witnessed ugly passions, language and behaviour which belies the general’s self-belief. I do beseech your Honor" (III.III, 285,296), to kiss up to Othello but it is also used as a subtle reminder to Othello that his very precious reputation is at stake. Here is some analysis to consider. 97) to Desdemona. In Othello specifically, honor connects almost all of the actions and judgments throughout the play. (V.ii. Cassio’s tarnished reputation only helps Iago succeed in his plan. ” (5. Othello is defensively proud of himself and his achievements, and especially proud of the honorable appearance he presents. The consequences for Othellos actions are Desdemonas death, the emotional ruin caused by her death which leads to his own death. Othello presses him to speak his thoughts, but Iago demurs, saying his thoughts might not be the most fair to Cassio. In these plays, honor is very important to the characters. Othello bases his reasoning on merely the missing handkerchief, which leads him to believe that Desdemona has been lying to him. Gilgamesh was a strong powerful leader who was more of God and stronger than any other king alive. 2. In Act 3 Scene 3 he defends the importance society places on a person’s ‘Good name’: The world of Shakespeare and the Metaphysical poets 1540-1660, The world of Victorian writers 1837 - 1901, Romantic poets, selected poems: context links, Thomas Hardy, selected poems: context links, Text specific further reading and resources, 1564 - 1582: William Shakespeare's Stratford Beginnings, 1582 - 1592: William Shakespeare's Marriage, Parenthood and Early Occupation, 1592 - 1594: William Shakespeare's Life In London, part 1, 1594 - 1611: William Shakespeare's Life In London, part 2, 1594 - 1611: William Shakespeare's Life In London, part 3, 1611 - 1616: William Shakespeare - Back to Stratford, The faith setting of Shakespeare’s plays, Symbolic structure – order and rebellion, Although Iago resents Cassio’s promotion instead of him, ‘’Tis the curse of service’ that he must continue to obey both Cassio and Othello as his superior officers, only pursuing revenge against them by stealth, Even though he has just married Desdemona, Othello is subject to the Duke’s command to sail for Cyprus and confront the Turks in sea battle, On effectively his wedding night, Othello is still expected to undertake guard duties, until he deputes Cassio to stand in for him, upon which Iago comments unfavourably: ‘Our general cast us thus early for the love of his Desdemona’ (Act 2 Scene 3). Othello’s retribution certainly restores patriarchy and puts any threat to his anxious masculinity to rest. Emilia tells him, “Moor, she was chaste. Mercenary Moors were, in fact, commonplace at the time. However, there are also reputations unfairly gained: In Act 3 Scene 3, Iago makes a telling comment about the value of personal integrity: He correctly identifies the need to be the same in character as in appearance, so that ‘what you see is what you get.’ In Act 2 Scene 3, he says to Cassio: Reputation is an idle and most false imposition, oft got without merit and lost without deserving. Othello, in act 3 scene 3 has the utmost respect for his wife: 'Excellent wretch! As Othello kills himself by his own terms and under the veil of honour, we see a true hero become enshrined. Apa format my essay, how important are uc essays reddit video essay mulan.Research papers quotation what are good topics for a history research paper, research paper on abrogation of article 370 case study of child in english tylenol case study 1982, jd advising mee essay predictions Othello essay honour. The most prominent form of prejudice on display in Othello is racial prejudice. Foolishly Othello believes Iago and accuses Desdemona of being unchaste. He never considers that Iago could in fact be lying to him which would be quite possible because he could have anger towards Othello. Cassio's Reputation in Othello The play's most obvious engagement with reputation occurs in Act 2, Scene 3, when Iago gets Cassio so drunk that Roderigo easily provokes him into a disgraceful brawl. Othello values his reputation and does not respect the reputation of others. “And say besides in Allepo once,/ where a malignant and turbaned Turk/ beat a Venetian and traduced the state,/ I took by th throat the circumcised dog/ and smote him thus. Personally, I completely agree with Othello’s actions, he had to do what he thought was best even if everybody else disagreed with it. Reputation plays a big role in the play Othello written by Shakespeare. In the very first scene, Roderigo and Iago disparage Othello in explicitly racial terms, calling him, among other things, "Barbary horse" and "thick lips." The play begins when Othello, a general in the Venetian army has angered Iago (a member of the army) by appointing Cassio (another army officer) to the lieutenant position. “For naught did I in hate, but all in honor” (5. Obstacles and is tripped up by small ones only makes things worse once Iago steps in certain characters, almost. 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