Descurainia sophia (flixweed); seeds, in laboratory at CPHST in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. Common sisymbrium. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. According to Best (1977), D. incana (previously Descurainia richardsonii) is rather readily distinguished from both D. sophia and D. pinnata subsp. 2834). University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011. Moreover, Best (1977) noted that Sisymbrium species bear strong resemblance to Descurainia species. Diplotaxis muralis. Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. Descurainia Sophia is a member of the mustard family.Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. Quinton DA; McLean A; Stout DG, 1982. In Great Basin Desert communities of east-central Nevada, it showed 25-40% frequency in Artemisia tridentata communities and 5-66% frequency in Pinus monophylla-Juniperus osteosperma communities (Blackburn et al., 1968). It is also used in mixtures of Chinese herbs to prevent lung cancer (Mohamed and Mahrous, 2009). Weed Science, 35(4):524-529. Flixweed. Britton, N.L., and A.             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Capparidales,                         Family: Brassicaceae,                             Genus: Descurainia,                                 Species: Descurainia sophia, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lagreze-Fossat. Best KF, 1977. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia). Known Hazards None known Botanical References. Jap… The genus Descurainia was named after French botanist and apothecary Francois Decourain (1658-1740) (Missouri Botanic Garden, 2015). However, Heap (2015) states that, in China and the USA, this species has since 2005 developed resistance to several herbicides and infests cereals and winter wheat. This species is allo- and autogamous (Howard, 2003), however, pollination is also insect-mediated. According to Huffman (2003), D. sophia is a larval food for butterfly species such as orangetip (Anthocharis spp. Online Database. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. In all experiments, initial turbidity was kept constant 100(NTU). Rangelands, 12(3):170-172. Vegetative and reproductive growth of bluebunch wheatgrass in interior British Columbia. Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) 3 vols. The sepals contain nectaries that attract insects (Hickey and King, 1981). Seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, while young leaves and shoots can only be ingested when cooked (Uphof, 1968). 41, No. In Europe, this species is pimarily found on open, warm, nutrient-rich sandy or stony soils (Hanf, 1973). Mexico: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO). The origin of its most internationally accepted vernacular name, flixweed, is probably a corruption of 'fluxweed' (Weed Science Society of America, 2003). Immature specimens of the scentless plant bug (Rhopalus tigrinus) feed on the reproductive structures of D. sophia (Wheeler and Hoebeke, 1999). Ecology of a biological invasion: alien annual plants in the Mojave Desert. Open New Window . It commonly grows on roadsides, in washes, waste grounds, early seral burns, pastures, cultivated areas, and old fields (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011; PIER, 2016). Development of plant communities on the rubble of bombed cities. China: bo niang hao. http://mountvernon.wsu.edu/WeedScience/publications/MUSTARD.PDF, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016. 22. It has diverse medicinal usage. In order to prepare the required extract, the dried seeds were pulverized into fine powder using a homemade grinder, the powdered grain was poured into an Arlene … Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Occurrence: Flixweed is an annual, overwintering or rarely biennial herb, possibly native or a long-term introduction. Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . Since D. sophia is an early seral species (a species which colonizes during the intermediate stage of ecological succession), it is recommended to minimize soil disturbance and seed dispersal, as well as to maintain a healthy plant community in order to prevent its establishment (Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., 2000). 2011, http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/cdm/ref/collection/nevagpub/id/1027, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www2.dijon.inra.fr/hyppa/hyppa-a/hisin_ah.htm, http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mustar65.html, http://weedscience.org/details/case.aspx?ResistID=5268, http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabala/Gardens.htm, http://pnwhandbooks.org/weed/agronomic/grass-seed-crops/herbicide-effectiveness-weeds-grass-seed-crops, http://mountvernon.wsu.edu/WeedScience/publications/MUSTARD.PDF, Mohamed NH; Mahrous AE, 2009. Name: Flixweed, Descurainia sophie (L.) Webb, Other Names: Tansy mustard, sagesse-des-chirurgiens, sisymbre Sophia Family: Mustard Family (Cruciferae) General Description: Annual, winter annual or biennial, reproducing only by seed. endstream endobj 262 0 obj<>/Outlines 33 0 R/Metadata 42 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 41 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 44 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20140522094849)/PageLabels 39 0 R>> endobj 263 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 264 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 265 0 obj<> endobj 266 0 obj<> endobj 267 0 obj<> endobj 268 0 obj<> endobj 269 0 obj<> endobj 270 0 obj<> endobj 271 0 obj<> endobj 272 0 obj<> endobj 273 0 obj<> endobj 274 0 obj<> endobj 275 0 obj<> endobj 276 0 obj<> endobj 277 0 obj<> endobj 278 0 obj<>stream Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press., 567pp. wide; petals 4, narrow, 1.5–2 mm (0.06–0.08 in.) Iceland: Þefjurt. On reviewing the literature of Descurainia sophia, it was noticed that three new compounds from alcoholic extract of the seed were isolated, two of which are lactones and the other is phenolic According to Rutledge and McLendon (1996), very large plants can produce over 700,000 seeds each, which contribute to a large seed bank. Effect of ensiling and rumen digestion by cattle on weed seed viability. zÿÂ]¶…_Wr¯cA¶v®Ý«¶üμÐ5ßàSIFqÇá ‡¯ÌܪZñ|ƙÂ̕36‚͆ƒ½.K¦Ü(!°›ì ‘’=)ÑÑé©x’ã…ìÂqeߝ™ób‚Qu±!$ O"š§¶Ö¹uü+Jëdüú1öy‘˜‰>xõ0øˆ¼uf؅/.Toou^bŽ Ơݏö®°÷@ś¯,Q¢#fð7w¹Ag‘ zPÅò€««(U. Piemeisel exclosures. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. The transparent mucilage of Seed Descurainia sophia is thin and occurs in less than about 1/5 of the width of the seed.2.Seed of Lepidium apetalum. Descurainia sophia. Open New Window. endstream endobj 290 0 obj<>/Size 261/Type/XRef>>stream According to the Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1993), deviant chromosome counts (e.g., 2n = 12, 14, 20, 38) reported by Rollins (1993) and Warwick et al. D. sophia appears to be exclusively tetraploid based on x = 7 (Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 1993). Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Because of their pungent taste, they are used as a mustard substitute (Facciola, 1990). http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/descurainia-virletii/fichas/ficha.htm. It is laxative and cooler with cold water. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Riverside, California, USA: University of California, 186 pp. Flowering Plants, Their Chemical Composition and Use [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1986), Vol. Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Descuarainia is a genus in the mustard family (Brasicaceae) commonly known as the tansymustards. Pacific Northwest Weed Management Handbook. Fruiting pedicels (5-) 8-15(-20) mm long, coming off the stem almost at a right angle. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. Colorado, USA. Wheeler AG; Hoebeke ER, 1999. It is also used in the treatment of worms and calculus complaints. Sand-rocket (Diplotaxis muralis) seeds. PCT International Patent Application, 2(47):494-501. D. sophia is a pioneer that colonises disturbed substrates, including sites of heavy grazing (Quinton et al., 1982), and facilitates the establishment of other introduced species. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. The plant is … The plant has light yellow, violet, red, and white flowers, and oval fruits. The seeds of Descurainia sophia have been used as a TCM to relieve cough and asthma, promote urination, alleviate edema, and enhance cardiac function for a long time . Seedlings of D. sophia are sensitive to most herbicides at relatively low application rates (Howard, 2003). This species is abundant only in disturbed settings, especially alongside trails and roads. Roldán PF; Pichardo MJ; Vibrans H, 2009. Int J Mol Sci. 1. This species shows good germination (Conn and Farris, 1987), with a mean rate of about 70% (Salisbury, 1961). Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. 30x2 Ounce. Studies of this weed show that the number of plants per square meter of soil fluctuates in a cyclical manner over time. To identify regulators of seed dormancy and germination of flixweed, the effect of environmental and hormonal signals were examined using dormant and non-dormant seeds. Seed germination occurs only in the light or following a light flash. Leaves growing at the stem sessile or shortly petiolate; blade smaller distally, distal lobes often narrower, surfaces often glabrous. Particularly, hand pulling should target small infestations and situations where chemicals or motorized equipment cannot be used or are undesirable. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. Brassicaceae. PIER, 2016. Pfeiffer H, 1957. London: Collins, 384 pp. Ɗ×ÂEM*kŒë¯ÊÛ=—HTµxMÜ)ŽI ‰Ã Descurainia sophia (L.) is a rich source of a variety of compounds ranging from simple sugars, amino acids and fatty acids (Houet al., 2005) to a variety of complex compounds. http://plants.usda.gov/. Salisbury EJ, 1961. In: Flora of China. England and Wales: piblys. Descurainia sophia. The seeds are sometimes used in a poultice, ground, and put on burns scalds and sores. Brassicaceae. Volume 1. Dictionary of Economic Plants, second edition. Background. The former can be distinguished from the latter in its leaves, which are bi- or tripinnately divided, and its pods, which are biserate and linear. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb. Sisymbrium sophia var. 32 Ounce . http://www2.dijon.inra.fr/hyppa/hyppa-a/hisin_ah.htm, GBIF, 2016. The population grows according to a delayed density dependence model, where K = 100, r = 1.1, and τ = 1. Papers presented at the symposium "Systematics and Evolution in Brassicaceae", XVII International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, 2005. Given its moderate palatability to livestock (Pfister et al., 1990), this species is likely to have limited economic value for animal husbandry. It is used in the treatment of asthma, fevers, bronchitis, oedema and dysentery. D. sophia is a tertiary genetic relative of rape (Brassica napus) (Warwick et al. Sisymbrium irio is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). UPHOF JCT, 1968. Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½–2½' tall. It is a winter annual that blooms in the spring. Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl has been used in traditional medicine globally. de Camargo AC, Schwember AR, Parada R, Garcia S, Maróstica MR Júnior, Franchin M, Regitano-d'Arce MAB, Shahidi F. de Camargo AC, et al. Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Rangelands, 8(5):221-223. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1400 pp. D. sophia is also also similar in habit and appearance to D. pinnata, a native of North America. Hickey M; King CJ, 1981. According to Brooks (1998), on the Desert Tortoise Research Natural Area in the Mojave Desert, southern California, D. sophia associates with creosotebush (Larrea tridentata), white bursage (Ambrosia dumosa), and other annuals, the most common being cutleaf filaree (Erodium cicutarium), red brome (Bromus madritensis ssp. The Greek epithet sophia (wisdom) alludes to this species’ reputed medicinal properties (Gledhill, 1989). It is found in North Africa and practically throughout Eurasia. Common sisymbrium. D. sophia has serveral medicinal and edible uses. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Sisymbrium irio is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). 2 vols. rubens), and Mediterranean grass (Schismus spp.). http://www.tropicos.org/. CABI, Undated. > 10°C, Cold average temp. It is also used in mixtures of Chinese herbs to prevent lung cancer [4]. Depending on latitude and elevation, seeds germinate in spring, autumn, and winter (Thomas and Donaghy, 1991). USA: North American Butterfly Association, Los Angeles Chapter. Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Defatted Camelina and Sophia Seeds Md Jiaur ... Opinion on the Hurdles and Potential Health Benefits in Value-Added Use of Plant Food Processing By-Products as Sources of Phenolic Compounds. These herbicides include Group B/2 herbicides (ALS inhibitors – acetolactate and acetohydroxyacid synthase), Group O/4 herbicides (Synthetic auxins - action like indoleacetic acid), and Group E/14 herbicides (protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitors) (Heap, 2015). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Conn JS; Farris ML, 1987. Descurainia sophia Photo courtesy Debra L. Cook. cm. Creating an Integrated Weed Management Plan. (Sisymbrium Sophia) Weed Type: Annual Broad-leaved Weeds. Brassicaceae. The optimum conditions for extraction of Descurainia sophia seed gum (DSSG) have been determined by Golalikhani, Khodaiyan, and Khosravi (2014). It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Heap I, 2015. Cornucopia II: A Source Book of Edible Plants. Italy: erba Sofia. Fruit an erect, narrowly linear, cylindric pod (12-)15-27(-30) × 0.5-0.8(-1) mm, (straight or curved upward). Basil seeds have a long history of use in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, but their health effects have only been tested in a few studies. Grieve M, 1995. Optimum combination of independent variables was used to compare two different types of coagulants. It grows in a wide range of environments: from cold desert, tundra, taiga, alpine, and subalpine ecosystems to hot desert and dry-tropical Hawaiian ecosystems (Kartesz and Meacham, 1999). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. However, their effects on human drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) activities have not been elucidated. In 18th century England, fluxweed was believed to be a cure for flux or dysentery and was commonly prescribed to people afflicted with diarrhoea (Weed Science Society of America, 2003). 2013 May;36(5):536-41. doi: 10.1007/s12272-013-0066-x. 2, p. 64. Flixweed, Ting Li Zi (Descurainia Sophia) Tincture, Dried Seed Liquid Extract, Flixweed, Herbal Supplement 2 oz Brand: Hawaii Pharm LLC. Great Basin Naturalist, 39(1):44-58. Descurainia sophia seed extract was purchased from an herbal pharmacy in Amol, Iran and Voucher specimen was deposited at the Herbarium of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran (No. Distinguishing Characteristics. It is considered invasive in Mexico, Japan, Republic of Korea, Chile and Australia. Facciola S, 1990. Seed matures early and the pods shatter easily. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Records of Natural Products, 3(1):58-67. A number of amino acids, fatty acids and hydrocarbons (Mohamed et al., 2009) have been isolated from Descurainia sophia (L.) (Table I). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Annual, winter annual or biennial, reproducing only by seed. It is also present in Northern Mexico and most part of the USA and Canada. Group B/2 Resistant Flixweed (Descurainia sophia). Summary of Invasiveness. Flixweed Descurainia sophia. 3 vols. Ipswich, UK: W. S. Cowell, Ltd., 384 pp. http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mustar65.html. Medicinal Plants of China. Tropicos database. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/, Huffman M, 2003. After the cotyledon stage, the seedling forms a rosette of basal leaves, then grows the stem and cauline leaves (Hickman, 1993). Flora of North America. Weed Science, 39(1):104-108. Access options Buy single article. A Mustard Identification Workshop. A Modern Herbal. Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Therefore, we aimed to identify the active component of an ethanol extract of D. sophia seeds (EEDS) by applying a systematic genomic approach. Lehre, Germany: Verlag von J. Cramer; New York, USA: Stechert-Hafner Service Agency, Inc.; Codicote, Herts, UK: Wheldon & Wesley, Ltd., 591 pp. While wet, seeds are sliming, and sticking with mud to passing animals and vehicles; they can be disseminated by that way as well. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. 17. http://pnwhandbooks.org/weed/agronomic/grass-seed-crops/herbicide-effectiveness-weeds-grass-seed-crops. Best (1977) stated that this species’ low, rosette habit protects overwintering plants from low temperatures and drying winds, enabling them to gain maximum advantage from the insulating effect of snow cover. Rutledge CR; McLendon T, 1996. brachycarpa O.E. Publication Author Clapham, Tutin and Warburg. > 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, dry winters), GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Seeds are are arranged in one row, reddish brown, oblong, 0.7-1.3 × 0.3-0.6 mm. Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Bekker, N.; Ul’chenko, N.; Glushenkova, A. The Great Basin Naturalist, 41(2):176-183. In this section, we want to say something beautiful about Khakshir benefits. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. A survey of the occurrence of seedling weeds in spring annual crops in Manitoba. Fan W, 2002. USA. The Cruciferae of Continental North America. France: Unit of Weed Science and Agronomy, INRA. Fruit valves each with distinct midvein; septum with a broad central longitudinal band appearing as 2 or 3 veins, with 20-48 ovaries per ovary. Brassicaceae. Descurainia virletii (Malezas de Mexico. It was a common plant of waste ground in the 17th century but is now uncommon and scattered through England and Wales. D. sophia is native to Eurasia, from Portugal to China, and northern Africa. How to Identify Flixweed (Descurainia Sophia) This is Flixweed, a native of Eurasia that is an invasive weed in North America. The 1900 invasion of alien plants into southern Idaho. Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl has been used in traditional medicine globally. Hultén E, Fries M. 1986. Racemes considerably elongated in fruit. According to Huffman (2003), this species is a larval food for butterfly species such as orangetip (Anthocharis spp. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 71(3):811-820. Life Cycle; Distinguishing Characteristics; Control in Corn; Control in Soybeans ; Control in Winter Wheat; Life Cycle. Moerman DE, 1998. 8-Aghaabbasi K, Dehghan E, Baghizadeh A, Dashti H. Comparing the Effect of Ethanol Extracts of Descurainia sophia (L.) Seed and Althaea officinalis Root on Streptococcus pyogenes. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Germany: Besenrauke; Sophienkraut. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. According to Howard (2003), wildlife use of D. sophia is poorly documented, and further studies are needed to determine its relative importance in animal communities. http://www.brassica.info/info/publications/guidewild/Guide_ed3_PART%20III_16July2009.pdf, Weed Science Society of America, 2003. D. sophia is distinguishable from D. virletii from the latter’s presence of glands but absence of stallate hairs and the larger fruits (1.5-3 cm long in D. sophia and 0.8-1 cm long in D. virletii) (Roldán et al., 2009). Table of Contents. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Encyclopedia of Life. Here are 12 fascinating benefits and uses of basil seeds. A Handbook for Owners and Managers of Lands with Natural Values. D. sophia used by Native Americans for a wide range of uses. However, ten reports in Missouri Botanic Gardens (2016) report the species as a diploid with 2n = 28. D. sophia has been recognized for its ecological importance in the majority of North American desert ecosystems. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Blackburn WH; Tueller PT; Eckert RE, 1968. 2009). USDA-ARS, 2016. Nr Bozeman, Montana, USA. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual (rarely biennial) pioneer herb that colonises disturbed sites and is adapted to growing in dry environments. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. It competes for moisture and nutrients and it reduces overall crop yields (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011). D. sophia has abundant oil, making it an important oil plant in China. Boiling Khakshir helps remove simple diarrhea and remove fecundity. Cotyledons of D. sophia have a clavated tip and are more or less stalked (French National Institute for Research, 2000). Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. According toEncyclopaedia of Life (2015), D. sophia flowers from late spring to mid autumn and bears fruit from summer to late autumn. Although the pharmacological activities of the seed extract of Descurainia sophia have been proven to be useful against cough, asthma, and edema, the biologically active components, particularly at the molecular level, remain elusive. Weeds and their Seedlings. [An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park.]. Suggestions for LA Butterfly Gardeners. The flowers of D. sophia are hermaphrodite. Schulz, Descurainia sophia var. According to Plants for a Future (2012), the seed can be ground into a powder, mixed with cornmeal and used to make bread, or as a thickening agent for soups. According to Skougard and Brotherson (1979), this species prefers moisture, but tolerates dry soil, however, it is not salt tolerant. D. sophia stands often become dense and crowded within a few postdisturbance years, and thin as succession advances (Best, 1977). ©Prof Matt Lavin-2009/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Sand-rocket (Diplotaxis muralis) seed. The average seed number per plant ranges from 6,000 to 75,650. Availability of Seeds and Planting Materials descurainia sophia seed It branches occasionally, and is more or less erect. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. D. sophia is known to interfere with agricultural production. It is also a crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species. 2x32 Ounce. PhD Thesis. :‹¯ñ=uä:¯û ˆn& Õ á‚)Á0ŤlÑ Q‚‚ ؔ“a`ÖàÒÒ@¬ V­Ä ÀPÍèøŽ¡•qC3c“'Ã!†ëWN0œeÐf¸ÇÉ\ÆPÇp‘¹ƒÙ”Ù…y*'u˜0p1Äusqy3pAý§ÈÀl\ ¤™ø8«30»0€ƒÁˆU˜MÌ!òü7á¡¢ÍÀf ¤È À -HI¤ A large plant can produce 700,000 seeds but in a competitive cereal crop a plant may have just 150 seeds. USA: North Carolina Botanical Garden. D. sophia is an alternate host for beet leafhoppers (Circulifer tenellus), which transmit curly top virus to sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) crops (Hironaka, 1986). Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. If this species is already onsite in the seed bank, or as a few plants, fire is likely to increase its importance in the early postfire community (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011). Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., (2000) recommends using hand weeding or simple implements to uproot plants. According to Howard (2003), this species often forms dense stands that, when dry, increase the risk of fires. Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora., UK: Botanical Society of the British Isles; Biological Records Centre; Joint Nature Conservation Committee; Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Outside of disturbed areas, this species’ dispersal rate is relatively slow. Seeds are disseminated with water, wind, and manure. If stands do not burn, then the dried plants provide litter, which facilitates the establishment of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) (Howard, 2003). Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Part III. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. Flowers: sepals erect to ascending, yellowish, oblong, 1.8-2.8 mm long, glabrate to sparsely pubescent; petals narrowly oblanceolate, 2-3 × 0.4-0.6 mm; median filaments 2-3 mm; anthers 0.3-0.4 mm. These include: toothache remedy, dermatological aid, veterinary aid, fodder, beverage, in bread & cakes, ice cream, soup, a winter use food (staple, dried food), a preservative, and a fertiliser (University of Michigan 2010). Jalas & Suominen (1994) Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E. 1965. 64 Ounce. http://wssa.net/wp-content/themes/WSSA/WorldOfWeeds/flixweed.html. To outline a view for further approaches, current work compiled a Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. xÚbbRa`b``Ń3Î ƒá (ë Pfister JA; Lacey JR; Baker DC; James LF, 1990. http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabala/Gardens.htm, Hulting A, 2015. The extracted FSO was fully hydrogenated and added to the lab‐made peanut butter in quantities of 1, 1.5, and 2 % (w/w). Rophalus (Brachycarenus) tigrinus (Hemiptera: Rhopalidae): First Western US records of an Eurasian scentless plant bug. the long, narrow seedpod of many plants of the mustard family) and stalks are erect and close to the main flowering stem. Version 1.1. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). ), white checkered butterfly (Pontia protodice), and white cabbage butterflies (Pieris spp.). New researches have proved the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anthelmintic effects of descurainia Sophia. Descurainia sophia. Hickman JC, 1993. Stems erect, un-branched or distally branched, (1-)2-7(-10) dm. The main goal of this study was to obtain the maximum yield of the oil by an optimal selection of supercritical fluid extraction parameters. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Entomological News, 110(2):92-96. Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This annual plant becomes about 1½–3½' tall, branching occasionally to abundantly. Washington State Weed Conference, 4 November. General physical condition and tongue or eyes color of the patient are used as indicators of the patient’s problem. Cotoneaster nummularius and Descurainia sophia extracts to breast-fed babies for reducing jaundice is popular in Iranian culture (17). This species is an annual plant, rarely biennial (Plants for a Future, 2012; Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2016). D. sophia can be found in open-canopy, disturbed sites (PIER, 2016). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. There is a risk of further accidental introductions of D. sophia through contamination of agricultural produce. Mohamed NH; Mahrous AE, 2009. In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. The seed is considered to be cardiotonic, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, restorative and tonic. Style obsolete, 0.05-0.2 mm, glabrous. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia L.) Return to Problem Weed Index Page. Weeds and Aliens. Descurainia sophia seeds/plants for sale. 2005-08-30 00:00:00 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 4x4 Ounce. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. It is laxative and cooler with cold water. Oregon, USA: Timber Press, 927 pp. The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds. Spanish: ajenjo loco; ajenjo serifio; hieba de la sabiduría; hierba de los cirujanos; Sofia. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb. Interspecific and Intergeneric Hybridization Data. It is … by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) [24]. It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Descurainia virletii). (2006) are most certainly erroneous. Benefits and uses of basil seeds $ 11.48 / Fl Oz ) + $ shipping... 10€“76 cm ) high there is a winter annual with a single branched stem from 30-100 tall... French National Institute for Research, 2000 ) recommends using hand weeding or simple to! 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